Periodic table of elements

Water [H2O]

SOLUBILITY:
1,2-dichloroethane [ClCH2—СН2Cl]: 0,15 (20°), 0,187 (25°)
benzene [C6H6]: 0,055 (20°)
butyl acrylate [СН2=СНСООС4Н9]: 0,7
butyl acetate [C6H12O2]: 2,4 (20°)
water [H2O]: mixes
hexane [CH3(CH2)4CH3]: 0,01 (20°)
heptane [CH3(CH2)5CH3]: 0,015 (20°)
diisopropyl ether [C6H14O]: 0,87 (20°)
dichloromethane [CH2Cl2]: 0,085 (0°), 0,142 (20°), 0,17 (25°), 0,196 (30°)
diethyl ether [C2H5OC2H5]: 1,47 (20°)
isobutyl acrylate [СН2=СНСООС4Н9]: 0,6
isopentane [C5H12]: 0,0097 (20°)
m-xylene [C8H10]: 0,03 (20°)
methanol [CH3OH]: mixes
nitrobenzene [C6H5NO2]: 0,19 (20°)
nitromethane [CH3NO2]: 2 (20°)
octane [CH3(CH2)6CH3]: 0,014 (20°)
p-cresol [CH3C6H4(OH)]: 16,3 (37,1°), 28,7 (110,8°), 64 (142,5°), mixes (142,6°)
pentane [CH3(CH2)3CH3]: 0,012 (20°)
carbon disulfide [CS2]: 0,0142 (20°)
carbon tetrachloride [CCl4]: 0,008 (20°), 0,0116 (25°)
tetrachloroethylene [Cl2C=CCl2]: 0,01 (20°)
toluol [C6H5CH3]: 0,045 (20°)
carbon dioxide liquid [CO2]: very slightly soluble
furfural [OC4H3CHO]: 4,8 (20°)
сhloroform [CHCl3]: 0,0932 (25°)
cyclohexane [(CH2)6]: 0,01 (20°)
ethanol [C2H5OH]: mixes
ethyl acetate [CH3-COO-CH2-CH3]: 3,3 (20°)
ethylbenzene [C6H5C2H5]: 0,33 (20°)

PROPERTIES:
colourlesss liquid
M (molar mass): 18,020 g/mol
MP (melting point): 0 °C
BP (boiling point): 100 °C
D (density): 0,99997 (4°, g/сm3, l.), 0,9982 (20°, г
η (dynamic viscosity): 1,792 (0°), 1,308 (10°), 1,005 (20°), 0,894 (25°), 0,801 (30°), 0,656 (40°), 0,549 (50°), 0,469 (60°), 0,406 (70°), 0,3565 (80°), 0,3165 (90°), 0,284 (100°), 0,26 (107°), 0,22 (127°), 0,18 (147°), 0,1 mPa∙s
ΔHmelt (molar enthalpy of melting): 6,009 kJ/mol
ΔHboil (molar enthalpy of boiling): 40,66 kJ/mol
ΔH°298 (Standard molar enthalpy of reaction at 298 К): -241,82 (g) kJ/mol
ΔG°298 (standard molar Gibbs energy of reaction at 298 К): -228,61 (g) kJ/mol
298 (standard molar entropy at 298 К): 188,72 (g) J/(mol•К)
p (standard molar heat capacity): 33,58 (g) J/(mol•К)
Dip (dipole moment): 1,84 (20°) debye
Surf. tens. (surface tension): 75,62 (0°), 74,2 (10°), 72,75 (20°), 71,15 (30°), 69,55 (40°), 67,9 (50°), 66,17 (60°), 64,41 (70°), 62,6 (80°), 60,74 (90°), 58,84 (100°), 56,97 (110°), 54,96 (120°), 52,9 (130°), 52,79 (140°), 48,68 (150°), 46,51 (160°), 44,38 (170°), 42,19 (180°), 40 (190°), 37,77 (200°), 35,51 (210°), 33,21 (220°), 30,88 (230°), 28,52 (240°), 26,13 (250°), 23,73 (260°), 21,33 (270°), 18,94 (280°), 16,6 (290°), 14,29 (300°), 12,04 (310°), 9,84 (320°), 7,69 (330°), 5,61 (340°), 3,64 (350°), 2,71 (355°), 1,85 ( mN/m
C (speed of sound): 1482,7 (20°, liquid) m/s
P (vapor pressure): 0,03 (-50°), 0,3 (-30°), 0,8 (-20°), 1 (-17,4°), 1,9 (-10°), 2,3 (-8°), 2,8 (-6°), 3,3 (-4°), 3,9 (-2°), 4,6 (0°), 6,5 (5°), 9,2 (10°), 10 (11,2°), 12,8 (15°), 17,5 (20°), 23,8 (25°), 31,8 (30°), 55,3 (40°), 92,5 (50°), 100 (51,6°), 289,1 (75°), 730 (98,9°), 740 (99,3°), 750 (99,6°), 770 (100,4°), 7 Mmhg or Torr
n (refractive index): 1,33369 (0°), 1,33369 (10°), 1,33299 (20°), 1,3325 (25°), 1,33194 (50°), 1,32725 (60°)
CAS № (Chemical Abstracts number): 7732-18-5
pKa1 (acid dissociation constant): 31,2 (25°, dimethyl sulfoxide), 15,7 (20°, water)
pKa2 (acid dissociation constant): 29 (25°, water)
ε (permittivity): 78,3 (25°)
Тcrit. (critical temperature): 374,15°C
Рcrit. (critical pressure): 22,12 mPa
Dcrit. (critical density): 0,32 g/cm3
pKBH+ (index of the acidity constant of the protonated alkali): 0 (25°, water)

LITERARY REFERENCES:
• Neorganicheskaya himiya. - pod red. Tret'yakova Yu.D., T.2. - M.: Academa, 2004. – P. 16-23
• Spravochnik himika. - T.3. - M.-L.: Himiya, 1965. – P. 907
• Fizicheskie velichiny. - pod red. Grigor'eva I.S., Meylihova E.Z. - M.: Energoatomizdat, 1991. – P. 138 332 370
• Himicheskaya enciklopediya. - T.1. - M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1988. – P. 394-397
• Himicheskaya enciklopediya. - T.2. - M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1990. – P. 393
• Armarego W. L. F. Purifi cation of Laboratory Chemicals. - 5ed. - 2003. – P. 497
• Dean J.A. Lange’s handbook of chemistry. - 1999. – P. 5.87
• Holleman A.F., Wiberg E., Wiberg N. Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie. - Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995. – P. 238
• Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1 - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. – P. 583-588
• Abramzon A.A. Poverhnostno-aktivnye veschestva: Svoystva i primenenie. - L.: Himiya, 1981. – P. 79
• Gordon A., Ford R. Sputnik himika. - M.: Mir, 1976. – P. 462
• Devyatkin V.V., Lyahova Yu.M. Himiya dlya lyuboznatel'nyh, ili o chem ne uznaesh' na uroke. - Yaroslavl': Akademiya Holding, 2000. – P. 46
• Nekrasov B.V. Osnovy obschey himii. - T.1. - M.: Himiya, 1973. – P. 131-147
• Rabinovich V.A., Havin Z.Ya. Kratkiy himicheskiy spravochnik. - L.: Himiya, 1977. – P. 59
• Uspehi himii. - 2006. - T.75, №1. – P. 64-85

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