Periodic table of elements

Hydrogen fluoride [HF]

SOLUBILITY:
acetone [(CH3)2CO]: ????.
acetonitrile [CH3CN]: ?.
butane [CH3CH2CH2CH3]: 0,17 (0)
water [H2O]: ????.
hexane [CH3(CH2)4CH3]: ?.?.
dichloromethane [CH2Cl2]: ?.?.
diethyl ether [C2H5OC2H5]: ????.
nitrobenzene [C6H5NO2]: ????.
nitromethane [CH3NO2]: ????.
thf [(CH2)4O]: ????.
carbon tetrachloride [CCl4]: ?.?.
toluol [C6H5CH3]: ?.?.
acetic acid [CH3COOH]: ????.
?hloroform [CHCl3]: ?.
ethanol [C2H5OH]: ????.
ethyl acetate [CH3-COO-CH2-CH3]: ?.

PROPERTIES:
colourless gas
M (molar mass): 20,010 g/mol
MP (melting point): -83,36 °C
MB (boiling point): 19,52 °C
ТDT (decomposing temperature): 3500 °C
D (density): 1,166 (-60, ?/??3, ?.), 1,0735 (-30,
η (dynamic viscosity): 0,53 (0) mPa∙s
ΔHmelt (molar enthalpy of melting): 3,93 kJ/mol
ΔHboil (molar enthalpy of boiling): 7,49 kJ/mol
ΔH°298 (Standard molar enthalpy of reaction at 298 К): -270,7 (?) kJ/mol
ΔG°298 (standard molar Gibbs energy of reaction at 298 К): -272,8 (?) kJ/mol
298 (standard molar entropy at 298 К): 173,7 (?) J/(mol•К)
p (standard molar heat capacity): 29,14 (?) J/(mol•К)
Dip (dipole moment): 1,91 (20) debye
Surf. tens. (surface tension): 10,1 (0), 15,4 (-60), 13,6 (-40), 8,62 (18,2) mN/m
C (speed of sound): 484,9 (0, liquid) m/s
P (vapor pressure): 10 (-66,6), 100 (-28,1), 150 (-20), 360 (0), 780 (20), 1500 (40), 2600 (60), 4400 (80), 7000 (100) Mmhg or Torr
pKa1 (acid dissociation constant): 3,17 (25, ????)
ε (permittivity): 83,6 (0) 174,8 (-73) 134,2 (-42) 110,6 (-27)
Тcrit. (critical temperature): 188°C
Рcrit. (critical pressure): 6,49 mPa
Dcrit. (critical density): 0,29 g/cm3
H0 (Hammett acidity function for pure substances): -1,88 (25, ????, 40% ?????? ???????), -6 (25, 70% ?????? ???????), -10,08 (20)
pKBH+ (index of the acidity constant of the protonated alkali): -6 (25, ????)

LITERARY REFERENCES:
• ??????? ???????? ? ??????????????: ?????????? ??? ???????, ????????? ? ??????. - 7-? ???., ?.3. - ?.: ?????, 1976. – P. 28-32
• ???? ? ??? ??????????. - ?.: ???, 1953. – P. 192-250
• ?????????? ????????????. - ?.5. - ?.: ????????? ????????????, 1999. – P. 202
• Holleman A.F., Wiberg E., Wiberg N. Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie. - Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995. – P. 238 242
• Olah G.A., Klumpp D.A. Superelectrophiles and their chemistry. - Wiley, 2008. – P. 86
• Olah G.A., Prakash G.K.S., Molnar A., Sommer J. Superacid chemistry. - 2ed. - Wiley, 2009. – P. 60-61
• Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1 - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. – P. 579-580
• ?????? ?.?., ??????? ?.?., ??????? ?.?., ????????? ?.?., ???????? ?.?., ?????? ?.?., ???????? ?.?. ????? ? ?????????? ????????? ?????????? ?????. - ?.: ???????, 1961. – P. 242-252
• ??????? ?., ????? ?. ????? ?????????. - ?.2. - ?.: ?????. ??????????? ??????, 2008. – P. 158-167
• ???????? ?.?. ?????? ????? ?????. - ?.1. - ?.: ?????, 1973. – P. 246-248
• ????????? ?.?., ????? ?.?. ??????? ?????????? ??????????. - ?.: ?????, 1977. – P. 109
• ??????????? ??????????????? ??????. - 1998. - ?12. – P. 62
• ?????? ?.?., ??????? ?.?. ?????????????? ?????. - ?.: ?????? ?????, 1994. – P. 103 324-325
• ?????? ?. ????? ?????????????????? ???????????. - ?.: ???, 1965. – P.

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