Periodic table of elements

Hydrogen fluoride [HF]

SOLUBILITY:
acetone [(CH3)2CO]: mixes
acetonitrile [CH3CN]: soluble
butane [CH3CH2CH2CH3]: 0,17 (0°)
water [H2O]: mixes
hexane [CH3(CH2)4CH3]: insoluble
dichloromethane [CH2Cl2]: insoluble
diethyl ether [C2H5OC2H5]: mixes
nitrobenzene [C6H5NO2]: mixes
nitromethane [CH3NO2]: mixes
thf [(CH2)4O]: mixes
carbon tetrachloride [CCl4]: insoluble
toluol [C6H5CH3]: insoluble
acetic acid [CH3COOH]: mixes
сhloroform [CHCl3]: soluble
ethanol [C2H5OH]: mixes
ethyl acetate [CH3-COO-CH2-CH3]: soluble

PROPERTIES:
colourless gas
M (molar mass): 20,010 g/mol
MP (melting point): -83,36 °C
BP (boiling point): 19,52 °C
ТDT (decomposing temperature): 3500 °C
D (density): 1,166 (-60°, g/сm3, l.), 1,0735 (-30°,
η (dynamic viscosity): 0,53 (0°) mPa∙s
ΔHmelt (molar enthalpy of melting): 3,93 kJ/mol
ΔHboil (molar enthalpy of boiling): 7,49 kJ/mol
ΔH°298 (Standard molar enthalpy of reaction at 298 К): -270,7 (g) kJ/mol
ΔG°298 (standard molar Gibbs energy of reaction at 298 К): -272,8 (g) kJ/mol
298 (standard molar entropy at 298 К): 173,7 (g) J/(mol•К)
p (standard molar heat capacity): 29,14 (g) J/(mol•К)
Dip (dipole moment): 1,91 (20°) debye
Surf. tens. (surface tension): 10,1 (0°), 15,4 (-60°), 13,6 (-40°), 8,62 (18,2°) mN/m
C (speed of sound): 484,9 (0°, liquid) m/s
P (vapor pressure): 10 (-66,6°), 100 (-28,1°), 150 (-20°), 360 (0°), 780 (20°), 1500 (40°), 2600 (60°), 4400 (80°), 7000 (100°) Mmhg or Torr
pKa1 (acid dissociation constant): 3,17 (25°, water)
ε (permittivity): 83,6 (0°) 174,8 (-73°) 134,2 (-42°) 110,6 (-27°)
Тcrit. (critical temperature): 188°C
Рcrit. (critical pressure): 6,49 mPa
Dcrit. (critical density): 0,29 g/cm3
H0 (Hammett acidity function for pure substances): -1,88 (25°, water, 40% aqueous solution), -6 (25°, 70% aqueous solution), -10,08 (20°)
pKBH+ (index of the acidity constant of the protonated alkali): -6 (25°, water)

LITERARY REFERENCES:
• Vrednye veschestva v promyshlennosti: Spravochnik dlya himikov, inzhenerov i vrachey. - 7-e izd., T.3. - L.: Himiya, 1976. – P. 28-32
• Ftor i ego soedineniya. - M.: IIL, 1953. – P. 192-250
• Himicheskaya enciklopediya. - T.5. - M.: Sovetskaya enciklopediya, 1999. – P. 202
• Holleman A.F., Wiberg E., Wiberg N. Lehrbuch der Anorganischen Chemie. - Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 1995. – P. 238 242
• Olah G.A., Klumpp D.A. Superelectrophiles and their chemistry. - Wiley, 2008. – P. 86
• Olah G.A., Prakash G.K.S., Molnar A., Sommer J. Superacid chemistry. - 2ed. - Wiley, 2009. – P. 60-61
• Seidell A. Solubilities of inorganic and metal organic compounds. - 3ed., vol.1 - New York: D. Van Nostrand Company, 1940. – P. 579-580
• Galkin N.P., Mayorov A.A., Veryatin U.D., Sudarikov B.N., Nikolaev N.S., Shishkov Yu.D., Krutikov A.B. Himiya i tehnologiya ftoristyh soedineniy urana. - M.: GILOANT, 1961. – P. 242-252
• Grinvud N., Ernsho A. Himiya elementov. - T.2. - M.: BINOM. Laboratoriya znaniy, 2008. – P. 158-167
• Nekrasov B.V. Osnovy obschey himii. - T.1. - M.: Himiya, 1973. – P. 246-248
• Rabinovich V.A., Havin Z.Ya. Kratkiy himicheskiy spravochnik. - L.: Himiya, 1977. – P. 109
• Sorosovskiy obrazovatel'nyy zhurnal. - 1998. - №12. – P. 62
• Stepin B.D., Cvetkov A.A. Neorganicheskaya himiya. - M.: Vysshaya shkola, 1994. – P. 103 324-325
• Shrader G. Novye fosfororganicheskie insekticidy. - M.: Mir, 1965. – P.

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